Kew. Digitaria marginata fimbriata (Link) Stapf. Small infestations and individual plants can be hand removed by releasing the roots with a knife or trowel, ensure sprawling stems are also removed. G. Publisher Smithsonian Institution Year 1965 ISBN-Description The standard work. eastern Asia. Koeler][Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Digitaria sanguinalis (summer grass) andDigitaria ciliaris(also called crabgrass and summer grass) are both introduced plants in NSW, they are very similar and you would require a micoscope and some seed for a positive identification. Digitaria ciliaris. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. ciliaris (Retz.) The leaves are linear to linear-ovate narrowing at the tip to 15 centimeters long. fertile lemma. Koeler APNI* Synonyms: Digitaria adscendens Kunth APNI* Description: Variable annual usually 1 m high. This grass is an annual plant that can grow up to 1 m tall, but is usually much shorter. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2–3.7 mm long; cartilaginous; much Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Further information. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Digitaria ciliaris is a tough plant, believed to have originated in Asia but now found all over the tropical belt of the planet, as well as in many temperate regions of both hemispheres. Leaves 3-8 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-linear or linear-lanceolate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, acuminate at apex, flat; sheaths slightly keeled, glabrous or pilose; ligules ovate or truncate, membranous. Description Annuals. 3. Natural History > Life Cycle. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west Central inflorescence axis 0–5 cm long. Culms 20–60 cm., decumbent to ascending, glabrous, nodes dark and (sub)glabrous. Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, Tough plant. Digitaria ciliaris subsp. on surface, or with scattered hairs; scabrous on margins. of our website Use your browser's back button to return to this page, W.D. cluster; all alike, or heteromorphic (as to indumentum). Habit of summer grass (Digitaria ciliaris). Frequency: Status: Description: A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual. Used as a supplementary food and famine food in Chad. 2. GLUMES Glumes two; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than Digitaria sanguinalis fimbriata (Link) Merr. glume apex acute. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. flat; covering most of palea; ciliate. Otherwise spray 1% glyphosate in spring. margins; acute. Southern crabgrass has probably been used as forage in pastures or hay. Habitat Terrestrial × Add/Edit Media . membranous; 3 -veined. HABIT Annual. A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) … Digitaria inaequalis (Link) Spreng. Culms 20–60 cm., decumbent to ascending, glabrous, nodes dark and (sub)glabrous. Culms decumbent; 20–100 cm long. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy between veins. Title Flora of Japan. fingergrass. Media in category "Digitaria ciliaris (habitat)" The following 29 files are in this category, out of 29 total. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 Southern Crabgrass is a clump forming warm season annual grass native to the tropics. Leaf-blades 3–25 cm long; 3–10 mm wide. Digitaria marginata nubica Stapf. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. inflorescence axis 0–5 cm long. is an annual, spreading grass problematic in areas where grasses are desired, such as pastures, turf, and roadsides and disturbed areas like rowcrops and gardens throughout the MidSouth. Common names Blakstienotoji pirštuotė in Lithuanian Capim-colchão in Portuguese Capim-da-roça in Portuguese Capim-tinga in Portuguese Digitaire in French Fin fingeraks in Danish Gewimperte Fingerhirse in German Henry's crabgrass in language. Digitaria ciliata Lag. Add Resources. Digitaria ciliaris is a species of grass known by the common names southern crabgrass,[2] tropical finger-grass,[3] tropical crabgrass or summer grass.[4]. Asprella digitata Lam. fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. The inflorescence is at the top of a long stem, usually much taller than the leaves, with two to nine 5–10 cm long sub-digitate racemes. The following databases may contain further information on this name. fimbriata (Link) S. K. Jain & Doli Das, Indian Forester 99: 572. Ridl. The roots are at the nodes and the stems produce runners that allow the plant to grow fast forming scruffy-looking patches about 1 m across and half a metre in height. Synonyms: Panicum ciliare Retz. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Leaf sheaths scaberulous, sometimes with a few bulbous based bristles. Digitaria Ciliaris. Madagascar . This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Culms decumbent; 20–100 cm long. South America: Reunion Island . Grows upto 1 metre in height , though usually shorter than that. Digitaria ciliaris . Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Digitaria ciliaris. Suggested method of management and control. Southern crabgrass [Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Please click on any button to follow a link to that database. Lemma apex acute. long, truncate, erose. intercedens Beck Digitaria eriogona ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. D. ciliaris is an annual grass, typically decumbent, rooting at the nodes and spreading to … Central tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern Racemes 2–12; digitate; unilateral; 6–22 cm long. DISTRIBUTION Europe: southeastern. Category II - Species that have shown a … Rhachis narrowly winged; angular; glabrous Ligule up to 2.5 mm. 1996. Lower glume ovate; 0.2–0.4 mm long; 0.1 length of spikelet. Digitaria ciliaris Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 8: 86-91. [5] This grass is an invasive species considered an aggressive weed in certain countries, including China, Mexico and the United States. Ligule up to 2.5 mm. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the Belongs to the genus Digitaria. Williamson. 58. Digitaria ciliaris at Peradeniya Royal Botanical Garden.jpg 3,264 × 2,448; 3.39 MB. and southern South America. Digitaria sanguinalis (summer grass) and Digitaria ciliaris (also called crabgrass and summer grass) are very similar and you would require a micoscope and some seed for a positive identification. ** Not applicable or data not available. Starr 040608-0070 Digitaria ciliaris.jpg 1,632 × 1,224; 807 KB. Digitaria ciliaris var. Henry's crabgrass. Digitaria pes-avis Buse. northwestern, and north-central. Koeler Accepted name. Media in category "Digitaria ciliaris" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. other data sources for Digitaria ciliaris, Note - this takes you off Koeler. fimbriata Digitaria ciliaris (Retzius) Koeler, var. DIGITARIA FILIFORMIS (Linnaeus) Koeler, var. Basionym: Digitaria dolichophylla Henrard 1934. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Eleusine indica (crowsfoot grass) may also be confused with these Digitarias, however, Eulsinedoes not root at the nodes, has fewer hairs on leaves and sheath, fewer spikes and has ligule of a membrane with hairs. Digitaria ciliaris: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: POACEAE: English name: Local name: Guruthana: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Annual with weak, branching culms from a few cm to over 1 m in length. kukaepua'a. Racemes 2–12; digitate; unilateral; 6–22 cm long. or setose, or villous; hairy between veins; eciliate on margins, or ciliate on Brilliant, but not for the casual reader., 266. Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. Type: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Buena Vista, 5 Dec 1903, Eaton 459 (holotype: L; isotype: GH?). with equidistant veins, or with unevenly spaced veins; puberulous, or pubescent, saulangi. Digitaria ciliaris is an annual plant that can grow up to 0.60 metres tall. Found mostly in Eurasia. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Upper Synonyms. Digitaria fimbriata Link. K Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Poaceae. Koeler (AM AK355071-2).jpg 5,312 × 2,988; 7.25 MB. Digitaria sanguinalis ciliaris (Retz.) thinner on margins; grey, or dark brown; without keel; 3 -veined. Leaf-blades 3–25 cm long; 3–10 mm wide. [5], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria_ciliaris&oldid=982588080, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:21. Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and Palea cartilaginous. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-7, digitate or subdigitate, to 15 cm long. Gardens, Kew. HABIT Annual. Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. Source. of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; smooth crabgrass. Lemma Mauritius . Digitaria ciliaris: Scientific name: Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Welcome to Digitaria of Thailand. & Brundu, G. (2014). To manage the weed try to hand weed it when it is small before it has sent down secondary roots. an eciliate membrane. - Search It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. Upper glume lanceolate; (0.5–)0.6–0.75 length of spikelet; Harman & H. marginata Cite Version: 3rd February 2016. It reseeds easily and forms thick mats that are challenging to remove making it a weedy plant. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. [5], Together with Portulaca oleracea, Ipomoea pes-caprae and Melanthera biflora, Digitaria ciliaris is usually one of the first species colonizing degraded or altered environments in tropical zones of the planet. Digitaria fimbriata Link 1827. Parl.] ciliaris: SCo, PR (San Diego Co.) MAP CONTROLS 1. Digitaria Haller, crab grass, is a cosmopolitan genus placed in the subfamily Panicoideae ().The size of the genus has steadily increased from about 170 species in Veldkamp , to 225 in Webster , to 240 in Clayton & Renvoize , and to 260 in Clayton et al. Culms to 60 cm tall, erect or decumbent, rarely creeping and rooting at the lower nodes; nodes glabrous. tropical crabgrass. The grass is known as "ගුරු තණ - guru thana" in Sri Lanka. Synonym. [6], This grass is an annual plant that can grow up to 1 m tall, but is usually much shorter. New! Geographic subdivisions for Digitaria ciliaris var. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) var. North America: Mexico. Digitaria marginata Link. Sub-digitate inflorescence of summer grass. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Digitaria ciliaris subsp. DOLICHOPHYLLA (Henrard) Wipff, Phytologia 80: 348. compressed; acute; (2–)2.5–3.3(–3.7) mm long; falling entire. (English translation) Publication Author Ohwi. Category:Digitaria ciliaris (habitat) From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The leaves are linear to linear-ovate narrowing at the tip to 15 centimeters long. A close-up showing the dorsally flattened spikelets with pink stigmas. Koeler : Family Poaceae: Common name: Summer Grass. Ligule Description Top of page Leaf blades 5-15 cm long and 3-12 mm wide. long, truncate, erose. The roots are at the nodes and the stems produce runners that allow the plant to grow fast forming scruffy-looking patches about 1 m across and half a metre in height. The inflorescence is at the top of a long stem, usually much taller than the leaves, with two to nine 5–10 cm long sub-digitate racemes. Sheath green to reddish violet, with long blister-like hairs, especially at the sheath base. Spikelet packing Leaf blade green to purple, both sides with silky, shiny hairs; often reddish with central strip and pale at the margin. © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Tweet; Description: Wild Crab Grass. Summer grass seedling. Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. Leaf sheaths scaberulous, sometimes with a few bulbous based bristles. Digitaria ciliaris subsp. Digitaria ciliaris Vanderyst Digitaria ciliaris Hornem. Parl. 1973. © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). Leaves with sheath often with sparse, long, tubercle-based hairs; ligule 1–2 mm long; blade 4–10 mm wide, glabrous or sparingly hairy. Known Hazards None known Botanical References. contiguous; 0.3 their length apart. Starr 040608-0071 Digitaria ciliaris.jpg 1,632 × 1,224; 905 KB. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Digitaria ciliaris var. It is found in pastures, disturbed sites, or in lawns. Frequency: Status: Description: A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual. Digitaria marginata ciliaris (Retz.) Family Poaceae. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Digitaria ciliaris - Flickr - osahiro nishihata.jpg 4,128 × 2,322; 2.23 MB. FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. The appearance of the inflorescence is more clumped (less spreading)… For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Leaves glabrous to sparsely hispid or ciliate, often with papilla-based hairs, occasionally minutely pubescent. tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, Lemma margins Geographical distibution Comoros . Life cycle Annual .