Leaves in the floral raceme are reduced in size. The bog is filled with these leather-leaf blossoms and cotton grass. Associate species include sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia), bog-rosemary (Andromeda polifolia var. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Chamaedaphne calyculata, commonly known as leatherleaf, is a rhizomatous broadleaf evergreen shrub that is native to wet soils in bogs, fens, pond peripheries and meadows in the cooler areas of North America, Europe and Asia. What are synonyms for Chamaedaphne? If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. The species is used for E. Busch: leatherleaf Classification. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf) is a rhizomatous evergreen shrub of dense, mound-shaped habit with upward-arching stems adorned with profuse, urn-shaped, pure white flowers borne in one-sided, terminal racemes, up to 5 in. The leaves are simple and alternate and leathery in texture. Pick an image for a larger view. Mostly confined to acidic peatlands where it can form dense extensive monospecific stands or become mixed … The leaves of the leatherleaf are only a few inches long and only somewhat leathery. The flowers are attractive to bumblebees. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Native to northeastern Europe east across northern Asia to North America. I'll try to view the flowers from shore now that I know. long (12 cm). A mature plant has many flowering branches. Chamaedaphne calyculata; leatherleaf. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, A Spectacular Spring Border Idea with Brilliant Tulips and Cotinus, A Super Climbing Duo with Crimson Roses and Purple Clematis, A Glowing Fall Border with Asters, Dogwood and Grasses, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, A Colorful Summer Border Idea with Easy-to-Grow Plants, A Glowing Winter Border with Dogwood, Heath and Grasses, A Glowing Fall Border with Asters, Chinese Lanterns and Butterfly Bushes, A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, A Spring Border Idea with Lilac, Columbine and Meadow Rue. Chamaedaphne calyculata – Leatherleaf is a less commonly offered member of the Ericaceae. Its woody rhizome extends down an average of 12.6 inches (32 cm) into organic matter [ 27 ]. Hypernyms ("Chamaedaphne calyculata" is a kind of...): bush; shrub (a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems) Holonyms ("Chamaedaphne calyculata" is a member of...): Chamaedaphne; genus Chamaedaphne (one species: leatherleaf) It grows in swamps and bogs at the Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York. To learn more about leatherleaf, otherwise known as Chamaedaphne calyculata, read on. Spreads by rhizomes to form dense thickets over time. To use the website as intended please  If you're not sure what to do from here, take … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Leatherleaf is a member of the Heath Family (Ericaceae). It recovers quickly in peatlands that have been severely disturbed or mined for peat. A mature plant has many flowering branches. Chamaedaphne calyculata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Family: Ericaceae: Species: Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench: Common Name: leatherleaf: Habitat: Bogs, edges of ponds, and acidic peaty open sites. angustifolia) is the dominant shrub. Grows in an attractive mound, up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide (30-90 cm). leatherleaf (Description coming soon) Family. We’ll provide lots of leatherleaf plant info, plus tips on how to grow leatherleaf shrubs. Plant database entry for Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) with 19 images, one comment, and 27 data details. In the U. S., it is found in Alaska … Once Sphagnum moss is established, leatherleaf can move in and extend the range of a bog mat, providing stable habitat for other bog specialists such as pitcher plants. Leatherleaf, also called cassandra, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). leatherleaf Ericaceae Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench symbol: CHCA2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, leathery, elliptical to broadly lanceolate, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, entire or slightly toothed, dark green with white or brown scales, much paler below, often pointing upward from stem. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. Leatherleaf is perfect for bogs and other wetland areas. Family Ericaceae Genus Chamaedaphne are evergreen shrubs with small, leathery, dark green leaves and waxy, urn-shaped, white flowers Details C. calyculata has arching stems and tough, glossy, dark green leaves. It occurs throughout northern Europe and Asia and northern North America. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. nana (Lodd.) Antonyms for Chamaedaphne. Leatherleaf is one of the most common evergreen shrubs growing in bogs and fens in the boreal forest region around the northern hemisphere. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Grows in my pond/bog, but could only view up close in the winter. Finally, I took a walk out there last week and got a picture to ID it. Genus: Chamaedaphne. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata var. Horizontal or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short stalk. Sepals are triangular, scaly and a coppery color. Sepals are triangular, scaly and a coppery color. As small, needy shrubs go this is quite the beauty to behold. Leatherleaf provides cover for nesting mallards and some other ducks. Blooming in mid to late spring, they hang from the upper leaf axils and contrast nicely with the foliage of glossy green, leathery, oval leaves. The aromatic fragrance and leathery surface of the leaves has probably been the reason for its scientific name Chamaedaphne, which means ‘low-growing bay tree’ in ancient Greek. Leather leaf’s buds turn into flowers the preceding summer and it blooms very early. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) was in full bloom last weekend during my stay in northern Minnesota. However, based on stratigraphy and radiocarbon dating, leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) dominated peatlands made the transition from lake to peatland between 2250-5550 [C.sup.14] ybp earlier than other types of peatlands, both Sphagnum-dominated and non-Sphagnum-dominated (Fig. Known hazards of Chamaedaphne calyculata: A toxin, called 'andromedotoxin' can be released from the plant if it is infused in boiling water. Chamaedaphne is a very difficult plant to grow successfully in our nursery, let alone your yard, but if you have the conditions to make it happy ..... . Leatherleaf definition, an evergreen shrub, Chamaedaphne calyculata, of the heath family, having leathery leaves and one-sided clusters of white, bell-shaped flowers, occurring in … The tubular flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below. Where in Minnesota? long (12 cm). To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Only plants will be removed from the collection. angustifolia) dominates this community along with a mix of sedges and other herbs. Located off the Railroad tracks between Hibbing and Nashwauk is a Coniferous bog. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. The foliage becomes purplish through the winter. What is leatherleaf? We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Join now and start creating your dream garden! glaucophylla), purple chokeberry (Photinia prunifolia), black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata), and Labrador-tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum). Chamaedaphne calyculata Common name: Leatherleaf . Leaves are leathery, elongated oval or elliptical with blunt base and blunt to rounded or tapered tips, ¾ to 1½ inches long, ¼ to ½ inch wide, on a short, scaly brown stalk. SPECIES: Chamaedaphne calyculata GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Leatherleaf is a native evergreen shrub that grows up to 4.9 feet (1.5 m) tall [ 25 , 43 ]. But those growing leatherleaf shrubs say that is not the case. Accept Range map for Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata). Its thick, leathery evergreen foliage points upward while its tiny white flowers bloom below the upturned foliage along its branches from April to June and have a delicate refreshing scent. Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. There is usually at least a partial layer of sphagnum. Create spectacular spring borders like this one. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Want help getting started? The tubular flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ericales>Ericaceae>Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench This circumboreal wetland shrub is uncommon in pocosins in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina and has been recorded in one county in the Mountain region. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf) is a rhizomatous evergreen shrub of dense, mound-shaped habit with upward-arching stems adorned with profuse, urn-shaped, pure white flowers borne in one-sided, terminal racemes, up to 5 in. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. The bog walk is new this spring. Cultivation of Leather Leaf: Peaty swales, bogs, pine barrens, pond margins etc. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. Simple alternate broadly lanceolate evergreen leaves with lighter silvery green undersides tend to stand vertically on gently arching stems form a clean, attractively articulated shrub. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk, taken in open wetlands in Aitkin, Anoka and Washington counties. See notes below regarding use of the plant for tea. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Family: heath (Ericaceae) Habitat: bogs, swamps; Height: 1-4 feet; Flower size: 1/4 inch long; Flower color: white; Flowering time: April to June; Origin: native This ravishing garden scene can be enjoyed in late spring... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. It grows in bogs and other wetland areas, as well as High Peaks summits, in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. Like many other members of the Heather family, its leaves are poisonous. New growth is brown, scaly and finely hairy, older branches turn gray with a fine exfoliating bark texture. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Thanks for your understanding. 1 synonym for Chamaedaphne: genus Chamaedaphne. Your email address: (required) Horizontal or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short stalk. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Leaf edges are slightly rolled under and finely toothed. Native plant . latifolia (Aiton) Fernald: leatherleaf CHCAN: Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. Synonyms for Chamaedaphne in Free Thesaurus. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. These leatherleafs are common there. leather-leaf Family: Ericaceae: population in a bog: plants: plants: branch: leaves: flowers : This is a relatively easy species to learn to recognize and it is the most frequent and generally the most abundant shrub in our Wisconsin bogs. Upper surface dark green with a smooth sheen, undersides pale greenish brown with scales. Little known but great looking and well adapted to wet areas, Leatherleaf is a low growing shrub that forms a dense, spreading thicket. Your Name: Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Plant has largely overtaken blueberry that was once the dominant and soft-after crop. LEATHERLEAF Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench Plant Symbol = CHCA2 Contributed By: USDA, NRCS, National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate common name Cassandra Uses Leatherleaf reclaimed large areas in raised bogs in the eastern United States that had been denuded by commercial peat removal. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata var. Although Chamaedaphne calyculata is widespread in North America, it is critically imperiled or threatened in Illinois and Maryland and imperiled or vulnerable in its range in northeastern British Columbia, Ohio, North Carolina (now nearly extirpated in the mountains, known from a single bog of less than one hectare). Note this is the default cart. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. The flowers are followed by round, reddish capsules that persist through the winter. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; bogs, peatlands, swampy streambanks in coniferous forests. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. In Minnesota it occurs in the north-central and northeast regions south to the Metro region. Ericaceae (heath family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Chamaedaphne calyculata; Visit this genus in the Dichotomous Key. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is common and abundant shrub of northern wetlands. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. Small, white, hanging, urn-shaped flowers appear in spring in leafy sprays from the branch tips In more nitrogen-poor situations, round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) and occasionally pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea) may occur. Buy Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf), By Hartmut Goldhahn, Nata Naumovec, Shutterstock. Cotton grass buds turn into flowers the preceding summer and it blooms very early shrub. ( Andromeda polifolia var garden scene can be enjoyed in late spring... use our interactive design... To learn more about leatherleaf, otherwise known as Chamaedaphne calyculata ), please check the links and invasive pages... 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